Dye Transfer Process, Doubley

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David Doubley
Box #31-5124
Detroit, Michigan 48231

 

THE DYE TRANSFER PROCESS (Fourteenth (!) Edition)
by
David Doubley

PREFACE

This manuscript was written to make dye transfer accessible to the amateur photographer. The techniques used are designed with the amateur in mind, yet offers enough technical background to satisfy the most advanced user. For me, dye transfer is not static, instead I see it as a dynamic and flexible system of color reproduction that has many untapped and creative avenues. The methods and techniques in this manuscript are by no means the only way to do things. I hope that the reader will utilize this text as as a springboard to develop his or her own methods of working with dye transfer.

It is my intent to update the text periodically to inform you of changes in materials and approaches to dye transfer. If you have any ideas that you'd like to share with others or would like to see in the book, let me know. Send me your book's serial number and I will try to answer any questions you may have to the best of my knowledge. I will also try to send out errata sheets to help keep your book up to date for the first year you have it. Send your inquiries to:

David Doubley
Box #31-5124
Detroit, Michigan 48231

I will be glad to hear from you.


TABLE OF CONTENTS

SOME PRELIMINARIES
-------------------------
1.1 WHAT IS COLOR?
1.2 A SHORT HISTORY OF COLOR PROCESSES
1.3 A HISTORY OF DYE TRANSFER
1.4 HOW COLOR FILTERS WORK
1.5 A BRIEF COLOR SENSITOMETRY DENSITOMETRY PRIMER
1.5.1 DENSITY
1.5.2 BRIGHTNESS RANGE
1.5.3 DENSITY CURVE & RANGE
1.5.4 COLOR DENSITY CURVES
1.6 CONCLUSION

DYE TRANSFER THEORY
-------------------------
2.1 AN OVERVIEW
2.2 MATRIX FILM
2.3 TANNING DEVELOPER
2.4 THE DYES
2.5 DYE TRANSFER PAPER
2.6 PAPER CONDITIONER
2.7 COLOR MASKING
2.7.1 COLOR ATTRIBUTES
2.7.2 THE DYE COLOR PROBLEM
2.7.3 COLOR ABSORPTION OF DYE LAYERS
2.7.4 MASKING TO SOLVE REPRODUCTION PROBLEMS
2.7.5 PRACTICAL MASKING
2.7.6 DIFFUSION OF MASKS
2.8 HIGHLIGHT MASKING
2.9 MISCELLANEOUS MASKING

EQUIPMENT & SUPPLIES
--------------------------
3.0 INTRODUCTION
3.1 ENLARGERS
3.1.1 ENLARGER LIGHT SOURCE
3.2 VOLTAGE REGULATORS
3.3 SAFELIGHT FILTERS
3.4 TRAYS
3.4.1 DRUM PROCESSING
3.5 VACUUM EASEL
3.6 TRANSFER EASEL
3.7 PRINT ROLLER
3.8 GELATIN FILTERS
3.8.1 FILTERS FOR COLOR NEGATIVES
3.8.2 FILTERS FOR SEPARATIONS
3.9 REGISTRATION PINS & PUNCHES
3.9.1 MATRIX FILM PUNCH
3.9.2 SEPARATION FILM PUNCHES
3.9.3 HOMEMADE PUNCHES
3.10 REGISTRATION PRINT FRAME
3.10.1 MASK REGISTRATION PRINTER
3.11 REGISTER NEGATIVE CARRIER
3.12 DENSITOMETER
3.13 STEP GUIDE
3.14 CONTACT PRINTING LAMP
3.15 DYE TRANSFER MATRIX FILMS
3.15.1 PAN MATRIX FILM
3.15.2 ORTHO MATRIX FILM
3.16 SEPARATION NEGATIVE FILMS
3.16.1 HIGHLIGHT MASKING FILM
3.16.2 PAN MASKING FILM
3.16.3 SEPARATION NEGATIVE FILMS
3.17 PROCESSING CHEMICALS
3.17.1 TANNING DEVELOPER
3.17.2 FIXER FOR MATRIX FILM
3.17.3 DYE SET
3.17.4 ACETIC ACID
3.17.5 PAPER CONDITIONER
3.17.6 MASK AND SEPARATION DEVELOPER
3.18 CHEMICALS FOR PRINT COLOR ADJUSTMENT
3.19 DYE TRANSFER PAPER
3.20 PROJECTION PRINT SCALE
3.21 TRAY ROCKER
3.22 COMMERCIAL RETOUCHING BLEACHES
3.23 MISCELLANEOUS EQUIPMENT
3.23.1 10 ML. PIPETTE
3.23.1a 1 ML. PIPETTE
3.23.2 SMALL PAPER CUTTER
3.23.3 THERMOMETERS
3.23.4 KODAK VIEWING FILTERS
3.23.5 COLOR SEPARATION GUIDE AND GRAY SCALES
3.23.6 18% GRAY CARDS
3.23.7 DIFFUSION SHEETS
3.23.8 CURVE PLOTTING PAPER
3.23.9 SMALL GLASS VIALS OR TEST TUBES
3.23.10 SMALL PALETTE KNIFE OR SPATULA
3.23.11 GLASS POLISHING COMPOUND, CERIUM OXIDE
3.23.12 OFFSET POWDER
3.23.13 TRANSLITE & ROLLER CLEANUP FILM
3.23.14 WEIGHT MEASURE SCALES
3.23.15 PH METER
3.23.16 GAMMETER
3.23.17 "WHAT NOTS"
3.24 EQUIPMENT SUPPLIERS
3.24.1 CHEMICAL SUPPLIERS
3.24.2 SPECIAL EQUIPMENT SUPPLIERS

MAKING MASKS & SEPARATIONS
-------------------------------
4.0 INTRODUCTION
4.1 DIRECT SEPARATION NEGATIVES
4.1.1 METHOD OF APPROACH
4.1.2 USING ROLL FILM
4.1.3 USING SHEET FILM
4.1.4 DETERMINING EXPOSURE
4.1.5 DETERMINING DEVELOPMENT TIMES
4.1.5.1 DEVELOPMENT FOR METHOD NO. 1
4.1.5.2 DEVELOPMENT FOR METHOD NO. 2
4.1.5.3 DEVELOPMENT FOR METHOD NO. 3
4.1.6 SOLVING CONTRAST PROBLEMS WITH BLACK & WHITE PAPER
4.2 PREMASKING PREPARATIONS
4.2a TESTING PROCEDURES
4.2b WARNING ABOUT KODACHROME
4.2c MAKING A TRANSPORT JIG FOR SMALL FILM
4.2d TRANSPARENCY DUPLICATION
4.2.1 DETERMING SLIDE DENSITY RANGE
4.2.2 DETERMINING SEPARATION "TARGET" NEGATIVE DENSITY RANGE
4.2.3 THE CONCEPT SUMMARY
4.3 HIGHLIGHT MASKING
4.3.1 SINGLE HIGHLIGHT MASKS
4.3.2 THREE-COLOR HIGHLIGHT MASKING
4.3.3 SPECULAR HIGHLIGHT MASKING
4.3.4 PROCEDURE
4.4 CONTACT PRINCIPAL MASKING
4.4.1 METHOD OF APPROACH
4.4.2 SOME ADVANCED MASKING TECHNIQUES
4.4.3 FILM EXPOSURE
4.4.4 PROCEDURE
4.4.5 SAMPLE PROBLEM
4.5 CONTACT SEPARATIONS
4.5.1 METHOD OF APPROACH
4.5.2 FILM EXPOSURE
4.5.3 PROCEDURE
4.6 ENLARGED SEPARATIONS
4.6.1 METHOD OF APPROACH
4.6.2 FILM EXPOSURE
4.6.3 MAKING SEPARATIONS WITHOUT OIL IMMERSION
4.6.4 MAKING ENLARGED SEPARATIONS WITH THE OIL IMMERSION TECHNIQUE
4.6.5 ALTERNATE OIL IMMERSION TECHNIQUE
4.6.6 PROCEDURE
4.7 FILM DEVELOPMENT
4.7.1 MASKING FILM DEVELOPMENT
4.7.2 SEPARATION DEVELOPMENT: SIMPLIFIED CONSTANT GAMMA TECHNIQUE
4.7.3 SEPARATION DEVELOPMENT: ADVANCED VARYING GAMMA METHOD
4.7.3a EVALUATING THE GAMMA CURVES
4.7.3b USING THE GAMMA CURVES TO DETERMINE EXPOSURES
4.7.4 SAMPLE PROBLEM: USING CHARTS
4.8 SHEET FILM PROCESSING METHODS
4.8.1 IMPORTANT THINGS TO KNOW
4.8.2 TRAY PROCESSING
4.8.3 DRUM PROCESSING
4.8.4 TANK PROCESSING
4.9 PLOTTING DENSITY CURVES
4.9.1 CURVE PLOTTING WITH A REFLECTION GRAY SCALE
4.9.2 EVALUATING DENSITY CURVES
4.9.3 EXAMPLE CURVES
4.10 SAMPLE PROBLEM
4.11 SEPARATIONS FROM COLOR NEGATIVES
4.11.1 MAKING THE POSITIVES
4.ll.la METHOD OF APPROACH
4.ll.lb FILM EXPOSURE AND DEVELOPMENT
4.11.1c ALTENATE METHOD OF APPROACH
4.11.2 MAKING THE NEGATIVES
4.11.2a METHOD OF APPROACH
4.11.3 POST HIGHLIGHT MASKING
4.11.4 ADJUSTING EXPOSURES FOR NEW COLOR NEGATIVES

SUPPLEMENT
AN ALTERNATE WAY TO MAKE SEPARATIONS

MAKING MATRIXES
--------------------
5.0 INTRODUCTION
5.1 ORTHO MATRIX FILM 4150
5.1.1 METHOD OF APPROACH
5.1.2 TESTING PROCEDURES
5.1.2.1 TEST PROCEDURE #1 (Contact Dyes)
5.1.2.2 TEST PROCEDURE #2 (Enlarged 4x5)
5.1.2.3 TEST PROCEDURE #3 (Select Area)
5.1.2.4 EXPOSURE DETERMINATION
5.2 DEVELOPING MATRIX FILM
5.2.1 HARDENING MATRIX FILM EMULSION
5.3 MAKING FULL SIZED MATRIXES

MAKING DYE PRINTS
----------------------
6.0 INTRODUCTION
6.1 THE DYES
6.1.1 PRELIMINARY CHECK OF DYES WITH REFLECTION DENSITOMETER
6.1.2 MONITORING THE DYES
6.1.3 REPLENISHMENT OF THE DYES
6.2 DYE TRANSFER PAPER & PAPER CONDITIONER
6.3 DYEING AND ROLLING A MATRIX
6.4 FINE COLOR CONTROLS
6.4.1 CHEMICAL SOLUTIONS
6.4.2 STANDARD PRINT CONTROL
6.4.3 COMMERCIAL RETOUCHING CHEMICALS
6.4.4 SPECIAL CONTROLS, ETC.
6.4.5 THE BLACK PRINTER
6.5 DYE WITHDRAWAL CONTROL METHOD
6.5.1 THEORY
6.5.2 MAKING THE WITHDRAWAL MATRIX
6.5.2.1 EXPOSING FILM
6.5.2.2 DEVELOPING WITHDRAWAL MAT
6.5.3 USING THE WITHDRAWAL MATRIX
6.5.4 COLOR CORRECTING WITH WITHDRAWAL MATRIX
6.5.5 OTHER USES FOR WITHDRAWAL MATRIX
6.5.5.1 FLASHING
6.5.5.2 DODGING
6.5.5.3 BLOCKING-OUT, ETC
6.5.6 TROUBLESHOOTING

APPENDIX A
CHEMICAL SAFETY

APPENDIX B
MAKING DUPLICATE TRANSPARENCIES

APPENDIX C
FILM TECHNICAL DATA

BIBLIOGRAPHY